Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a disease that damages the eye's optic nerve. The optic nerve is connected to the retina - a layer of light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye-and is made up of many nerve fibers, like an electric cable is made up of many wires. It is the optic nerve that sends signals from your retina to your brain, where these signals are interpreted as the images you see. In the healthy eye, a clear fluid called aqueous humor circulates inside the front portion of your eye. To maintain a constant healthy eye pressure, your eye continually produces a small amount of aqueous humor while an equal amount of this fluid flows out of your eye. If you have glaucoma, the aqueous humor does not flow out of the eye properly. Fluid pressure in the eye builds up and, over time, causes damage to the optic nerve fibers.

Types Of Glaucoma

Open-Angle Glaucoma

Open-angle glaucoma, the most common form of glaucoma, accounting for at least 90% of all glaucoma cases:

  • Is caused by the slow clogging of the drainage canals, resulting in increased eye pressure
  • Has a wide and open angle between the iris and cornea
  • Develops slowly and is a lifelong condition
  • Has symptoms and damage that are not noticed.

  • "Open-angle" means that the angle where the iris meets the cornea is as wide and open as it should be. Open-angle glaucoma is also called primary or chronic glaucoma.

    Open-Angle Glaucoma

    Angle-closure glaucoma, a less common form of glaucoma:

  • Is caused by blocked drainage canals, resulting in a sudden rise in intraocular pressure
  • Has a closed or narrow angle between the iris and cornea
  • Develops very quickly
  • Has symptoms and damage that are usually very noticeable
  • Demands immediate medical attention.
  • It is also called acute glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma. Unlike open-angle glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma is a result of the angle between the iris and cornea closing.

    Normal-Tension Glaucoma (NTG)

    Also called low-tension or normal-pressure glaucoma. In normal-tension glaucoma the optic nerve is damaged even though the eye pressure is not very high. We still don't know why some peoples optic nerves are damaged even though they have almost normal pressure levels.

    Congenital Glaucoma

    This type of glaucoma occurs in babies when there is incorrect or incomplete development of the eye's drainage canals during the prenatal period. This is a rare condition that may be inherited. When uncomplicated, microsurgery can often correct the structural defects. Other cases are treated with medication and surgery.

    Glaucoma Surgery

    Surgery involves either laser treatment or making a cut in the eye to reduce the intraocular pressure. The type of surgery your doctor recommends will depend on the type and severity of your glaucoma and the general health of your eye. Surgery can help lower pressure when medication is not sufficient. However, it cannot reverse vision loss.

    Laser Surgery

    Doctors often recommend laser surgery before filtering microsurgery, unless the eye pressure is very high or the optic nerve is badly damaged. During laser surgery, a focused beam of light is used to treat the eye’s trabecular meshwork (the eye’s drainage system).This helps increase the flow of fluid out of the eye.

    Conventional Surgery

    In contrast, conventional surgery (filtering microsurgery) involves creating a drainage hole with the use of a small surgical tool. This new opening allows the intraocular fluid to bypass the clogged drainage canals and flow out of this new, artificial drainage canal. When laser surgery does not successfully lower eye pressure, or the pressure begins to rise again, the doctor may recommend conventional surgery. If necessary, glaucoma surgery can be done several times without substantial risk.

    Our Mission

    Gurudrishti Netralaya Hospital will remain attentive to the eye care and well-being of those we serve through patient-focused care with 100% patient satisfaction with zero percent error, patient education and innovative services.

    Our Vision

    Gurudrishti Netralaya Hospital strives to provide world class eye care service under one roof by innovative service through research.

    Contact Us

    Address:   Opp. Zilla Parishad, Main Road,
                       Chandrapur, Maharashtra 442401

    Phone number: 07172-274008

    Email: gurudrishtinetralaya@gmail.com